Sleep Strategies: Combatting Shift Work Sleep Disorder (SWSD) in Law Enforcement

If you are a law enforcement officer struggling with sleep, you’re not alone. Many officers face sleep problems due to their irregular work schedules. This article will help you understand and fight Shift Work Sleep Disorder (SWSD). We’ll share easy tips to improve your sleep quality and overall health.


What is Shift Work Sleep Disorder (SWSD)?

SWSD is a common problem for people who work non-traditional hours, like many law enforcement officers. It happens when your work schedule conflicts with your body’s natural sleep-wake cycle.


Symptoms of SWSD

  • Trouble falling asleep or staying asleep
  • Feeling very tired during your work shift
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Irritability or mood changes
  • Headaches
  • Lack of energy


According to the Sleep Foundation, up to 40% of shift workers experience symptoms of SWSD. For law enforcement officers, this number might be even higher due to the demanding nature of the job.


Why is Good Sleep Important for Law Enforcement Officers?

Getting enough quality sleep is crucial for your health and job performance. It helps you:


  • Stay alert during your shift
  • Make better decisions
  • React quickly in emergencies
  • Manage stress better
  • Stay healthy and avoid illnesses


A study published in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology found that poor sleep quality in police officers was linked to increased stress and health problems. You can read more about this study here.


How to Improve Your Sleep Quality


  1. Create a Sleep-Friendly Bedroom

Your bedroom should be a peaceful place that helps you relax and sleep well.


Tips for a Better Sleep Environment:

  • Make your room as dark as possible. Use blackout curtains or an eye mask.
  • Keep your room cool. The ideal temperature for sleep is between 60-67°F (15-19°C).
  • Use earplugs or a white noise machine to block out noise.
  • Invest in a comfortable mattress and pillows.


  1. Stick to a Sleep Routine

Having a regular sleep schedule can help your body adjust, even with changing work shifts.


How to Create a Sleep Routine:

  • Try to sleep and wake up at the same times each day, even on your days off.
  • Create a relaxing bedtime routine. This could include reading, listening to calm music, or taking a warm bath.
  • Avoid screens (phone, tablet, TV) for at least an hour before bed. The blue light from these devices can make it harder to fall asleep.


  1. Manage Your Light Exposure

Light plays a big role in regulating your sleep-wake cycle. By controlling your exposure to light, you can help your body adjust to your work schedule.


Light Management Tips:

  • Get some bright light exposure when you wake up and at the start of your shift. This can help you feel more alert.
  • If you work night shifts, wear sunglasses on your way home to limit morning light exposure.
  • Use a light therapy box to simulate daylight, especially if you work nights.


  1. Watch What You Eat and Drink

What and when you eat can affect your sleep quality.


Nutrition Tips for Better Sleep:

  • Avoid large meals close to bedtime.
  • Limit caffeine intake, especially in the hours before you plan to sleep.
  • Don’t drink alcohol before bed. While it might make you feel sleepy at first, it can disrupt your sleep later in the night.
  • Stay hydrated, but avoid drinking too much right before bed to prevent nighttime bathroom trips.


  1. Exercise Regularly

Regular exercise can help improve your sleep quality. However, timing is important.


Exercise Tips for Better Sleep:

  • Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise most days of the week.
  • Try to finish vigorous exercise at least 3 hours before bedtime.
  • If you can’t fit in a full workout, even a 10-minute walk can help.


  1. Manage Stress

Law enforcement can be a stressful job. Learning to manage stress can greatly improve your sleep.


Stress Management Techniques:

  • Practice deep breathing exercises.
  • Try meditation or mindfulness. There are many free apps that can guide you.
  • Write down your worries or to-do list before bed to clear your mind.


  1. Use Technology Wisely

While too much screen time can hurt your sleep, some technology can actually help.


Helpful Sleep Technology:

  • Use a sleep tracking app or device to understand your sleep patterns.
  • Try relaxation or white noise apps to help you fall asleep.
  • Use smart home devices to automatically adjust your room’s temperature and lighting for optimal sleep.


  1. Know When to Seek Help

If you’ve tried these strategies and still have trouble sleeping, it might be time to talk to a professional.


Signs You Should See a Doctor:

  • You regularly have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep.
  • You often feel very tired during your shifts, even after sleeping.
  • Your sleep problems are affecting your work performance or personal life.


A sleep specialist can provide more targeted treatments for SWSD, such as light therapy or medications.


How Your Department Can Help

Improving sleep for law enforcement officers isn’t just an individual responsibility. Departments can play a role too.


Department-Level Strategies:

  • Provide education about the importance of sleep and how to improve it.
  • Consider implementing more sleep-friendly shift schedules.
  • Create quiet, dark spaces for officers to rest during long shifts.
  • Encourage a culture that values officer well-being, including good sleep habits.


According to a report by the National Institute of Justice, fatigue among law enforcement officers is a serious issue that can affect public safety. You can read more about this report here.



As a law enforcement officer, your job is crucial and demanding. Taking care of your sleep is an important part of taking care of yourself and being able to serve your community effectively. By using these strategies, you can improve your sleep quality, even with an irregular work schedule.


Remember, good sleep isn’t a luxury – it’s a necessity for your health, safety, and job performance. Start implementing these tips today, and don’t hesitate to seek professional help if you continue to struggle with sleep. Your well-being matters, both for you and for the community you serve.